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A scar is the result of the natural wound healing process, and it can be caused by acne, burns, surgery, or any kind of accidental injuries. Scars are actually fibrous tissues that replace the damaged skin or tissues after an injury. However, the fibrous tissues are not similar to the tissues they substitute. There are several types of scars, of which some are caused by the overproduction of collagen.

Keloid and hyperthrophic scars are caused by the excessive production of collagen. Keloid scars are like benign tumors that can increase in size over a period of time, while a hyperthrophic scar remains within the initial wound, and can be observed as a thick elevated lump on the affected area. On the other hand, an atrophic scar can look like a small depression on the skin, and it is usually caused by acne and pimples. Cosmetic surgery can reduce the appearance of such scars, and enhance the look of an individual considerably.

Getting Rid of Scars Through Surgery

Although complete scar removal is not possible, scars can be healed and their appearance can be reduced considerably with the help of cosmetic surgery. One common method employed for scar removal is the surgical removal of the scar tissues. After removing the scar tissues, the area is sewed by using small stitches. Skin grafting and flapping are also some common methods of scar removal. Here, the scar tissues are surgically removed, and then a skin graft or a flap is implanted on the area. This technique is generally used for contractures or when a large area is scarred.

The implantation of artificial skin is another option, especially in the case of contracture scars and severe burns. The artificial skin has two layers; the bottom layer is derived from cows and is composed of collagen, while the outer layer is made of silicon. The bottom layer of collagen induces the formation of new skin, while the silicon layer protects the wound. For implanting this artificial skin, the burned skin or the scar tissue is removed, and then the artificial skin is grafted. The silicon layer can be removed within 15 to 21 days, and afterwards, a thin layer of skin graft can be placed on the surface of the wound.

Laser skin resurfacing is also used to reduce the visibility of scars by removing the top thin layer of the skin. Laser beams can tighten the inner layer of the skin, which makes the scarred area smooth. The commonly used lasers for this purpose are, CO2 and Er:YAG lasers. They are mainly used for removing acne scars. For treating hypertrophic and keloid scars, pulsed lasers are used. The laser skin resurfacing technique falls under the category of ablative skin treatment, as it involves the removal of the top layer of the skin. Dermabrasion is another ablative treatment available for scar removal, wherein some specialized instruments are used to remove the outer layer of the skin, in order to smooth out the scarred area.

Before opting for any type of cosmetic surgery, it is better to consult a certified plastic surgeon for the proper assessment of the affected area, and also to find out the various aspects of the scar removal procedures. Some surgical procedures can pose certain risks, which should be discussed beforehand. However, if properly executed, cosmetic surgery can improve the appearance of an individual by reducing the visibility of scars.

Disclaimer: This Buzzle article is for informative purposes only, and should not be replaced for the advice of a medical professional.