As Christians who believe in the Bible, naturally we feel the events of the Bible happened just as the Bible records them. But when did they happen? This short article will examine this question.
The Last Frequent Denominator
Young earth creationists say that the planet is six,000 years old, for that reason they would say the events in Genesis occurred significantly less than 6,000 years ago. As opposed to young earth creationists, old earth creationists basically don t know exact dates (some YECs think Adam was designed at 9:00 A.M., on October 23, 4004 B.C.!) Nonetheless, old earth theory needs these events to become older, because of the scientific proof which need to match the Bible s story. We will start with all the last widespread denominator, and function our way back towards the Garden of Eden.
There isnt any method to know for particular what the proper age is for any of those events, but we are able to make specific speculations concerning the age. As an example, for a lot of years, scientists thought that the first humans in North America ventured here via a land bridge between Russia and Alaska about 13,000 years ago.
Another web site, the Meadowcroft internet site in Pennsylvania, includes artifacts dated to 16,000 years ago. According to this along with other discoveries, many scientists now believe that North Americans also arrived via boat, prior to the Bering Straight land bridge of 13,000 years ago.2 As a result, for archaeological evidences, the earliest date weve for North America is about 16,000 years ago.
The most recent occasion, which will be the final typical denominator for all human races, is spoken of in Genesis 11. The Tower of Babel tells the story of how God confused the language on the individuals, and spread them throughout the planet. Hence, these early North Americans have to have migrated sooner or later soon after the Tower of Babel. Therefore, the only issue we can say with any certainty is that the events of Genesis 11 happened sometime before 13,000 to 16,000 years ago. This really is our beginning point for understanding Casual Dating of events inside our old earth framework, and it truly is only a rough estimate of the real date for the Tower of Babel. We only know for certain that the Tower of Babel could not be younger than 13,000 years ago (or could it? Much more on this later.)
Even so, this assumes that the folks spread in the Tower within a couple of years of God confusing their language. Did they come directly in the Tower to North America or did they steadily spread in North America s direction. This could significantly add for the time since the Tower of Babel.
The Flood of Noah
The next occasion before that will be the Flood of Noah. We do possess a very good estimate for the time from Noah s Flood for the Tower of Babel, as you may see.
In line with Genesis 9:28, we understand that Noah lived 350 years after the flood. Genesis ten then goes on to list the genealogies in the descendants of Noah s Ark. It is apparent that the genealogies of Genesis ten usually are not necessarily in chronological order with Genesis 11. In other words, the Tower of Babel in Chapter 11 occurred sometime in the middle of these genealogies in Chapter ten. I say this because Genesis 11:1 says And the entire earth was of a single language, and of 1 speech. Even so, we study in Genesis 10:four, 20, that the clans each had their very own language. Actually, Genesis 10:25 truly refers for the events of the Tower of Babel. Proper within the middle of Shem s descendants it says One was named Peleg, due to the fact in his time the earth was divided (NIV). (Other versions say the inhabitants of earth had been divided up).
Concerning these genealogies, the NIV states that inside the original Hebrew, Sons could also mean descendants, successors, or nations. Although not considerable for the genealogies among the Flood as well as the Tower, well come back to this thought later.
Essentially the most definitive passage for Casual Dating back to Noah s Flood is Genesis 11:10-19. This provides the descendants, from Noah s son Shem, to Peleg, who we previously learned was alive when the Tower of Babel incident occurred. Thus
0 Shem is 98 when the flood ended
two Shem is 100 when Arphaxad is born
37 Arphaxad is 35 when Shelah is born
67 Shelah is 30 when Eber is born
101 Eber is 34 when Pelag is Born
310 Pelag lived to become 209
Using this chart, the Flood must have occurred a minimum of 101 years prior to the Tower of Babel. When the split in the Tower was attributable to God close to the time of Pelag s birth, this would lend help to his father, Eber, naming him right after this occasion. Nonetheless, we can t be certain of this. The only factor we know with any degree of certainty is the fact that it occurred in the course of Peleg s lifetime. Thus weve got a range for the Flood of 101 to 310 years before the Tower of Babel.
Adding this to our minimum age of 13,000 to 16,000 years, and we come up having a array of 13,101 to 16,310 years ago for Noahs Flood. This is assuming the migrations to North America involve post-Adamic guys...much more on this later.
Subsequent we have to consider mankind s origins. Essentially the most favored theory now may be the Out of Africa theory, which shows that a genetic Eve from which we are descended came from Africa about 150,000 years ago. This genetic proof is based on mutation rates of mitochondrial DNA of 1 each 20,000 years. Some investigation suggests a ratio of 1 to 10,000, thus cutting 150,000 to 75,000 years.
Interestingly, the individuals from this genetic Eve are mentioned to have migrated from Africa to the Middle East, and from there they spread out more than the world. Though the African Eve is stated to become 150,000 years ago, the migration for the Middle East is stated to have occurred about 80,000 years ago. As a result, 80,000 years ago would be the final frequent location for all mankind (utilizing this model).
This brings up an apparent difficulty. Based on the Bible, Eve came from the Garden of Eden, which was situated within the Middle East. How could our genetic frequent ancestor have come from Africa?
It really is based on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). mtDNA is passed down from mother to offspring. Unlike other DNA, mtDNA is passed down with out alter, without merging together with the male mtDNA. Its subject to random mutations, as a result over time, minor variations could be shown.
If Ive a particular mutation, and a person else also has it, it confirms that sometime in the past we had a frequent maternal ancestor. This ancestor could be a couple of generations, or perhaps a hundred generations ago.
Using mtDNA extrapolations, and assuming a mutation rate of 1 per 20,000 years, and by examining mtDNA proof of fossil hominids, they arrive at the conclusion that there was a genetic Eve from Africa 150,000 years ago. This could possibly be true, however it doesn t impact our conclusions more on that later.
Now, on for the next piece on the puzzle. We have to think about when migration from the Middle East occurred. Archeological and DNA evidence suggests human migration to Europe about 50,000 years ago, and migration to Australia no later than 40,000 years ago. With all the first migration in the Middle East about 50,000 years ago, where does this leave us? We now have a selection of 50,000 to 16,000 years ago for the final common place for our ancestors the Tower of Babel. This really is assuming that we are all descended from these migration peoples. Nevertheless, this might or may possibly not be the case.
Will the True Eve Please Stand Up!
How could there be a genetic Eve in Africa 150,000 years ago, as well as a Biblical Eve inside the Middle East? Sooner or later, Adam and Eve (the Biblical ones) have been developed. Ahead of Adam and Eve, other non-soulish hominids had been designed by God. We share similarities in mtDNA with these pre-Adamic hominids. As an example Neanderthal mtDNA differs from ours by 7 percent enough to show similarities (93 %), but far adequate apart to prove that they didnt contribute to our current gene pool. The hominids that existed 50,000 to 150,000 years ago also shared a significant portion of their mtDNA with us.
It offers the look of God utilizing each and every successive pre-Adamic hominid to refine the model. Is this saying God could not produce us completely inside the first spot? No, it merely is actually a record of what God did. We cant infer anything from this about God s power and abilities after all, are you able to create a hominid? No, you can t you will not be God!
Why He did it that way, we don t know. We only understand that sooner or later, He developed a hominid in His image (with an eternal spirit), and ended the creative method. As a result, these early hominids from mtDNA proof, which can be said to become our ancestors, might not be at all! They might have spread around the globe, after which when God designed Adam and Eve, some 20-30,000 years ago (?), these other individuals went extinct. We share the majority of our mtDNA with them since they have been our template.
My Proposal for Adam and Eve s Date of Creation
1 factor is clear we now have one particular hominid species, developed in the image of God. Where in the past can we point to a location in time, when the last non-modern hominid went extinct? This would be an excellent basis for the maximum Casual Dating from the Biblical Eve. This could be the Neanderthal, which went extinct about 29,000 years ago.
Although not conclusive, it might be safe to assume that when God created Adam and Eve, his final creation, there have been no preceding hominids present. This would put the Garden of Eden no later than 29,000 years ago, and would let lots of time for the migration for the Americas right after the Tower of Babel, which occurred a minimum of 16,000 years ago. With this conclusion, prior dated hominids usually do not generate a problem for us they have been merely non-soulish hominids, not in God s image.
To tie up loose ends...keep in mind our Tower of Babel date, which had to be a minimum of 13,000 years ago...not so. I give 29,000 years because the oldest date for Eden, nevertheless it could have already been younger. These 13,000 year old migrators could have died when Adam and Eve have been produced. As a result, they could happen to be pre-Adamic, non-eternal hominids. So, we genuinely possess a range of 29,000 years, all of the way down to six,000 years, should you like.
Dates for the Garden, as offered by a few of the ideal Hebrew scholars, place it in between 30,000 and ten,000 years ago, with some scholars placing it as young as 6,000, or as old as 60,000 years ago. This is within the array of 29,000 years ago or later which I propose because the oldest attainable date for the Garden.
The bottom line is that we don t know the precise dates for early Biblical events. All we can do is make an educated guess. Since the last non-modern hominid died out 29,000 years ago, it is secure to assume that Biblical history starts sometime within the final 29,000 years. Does it matter when it began? Praise the Lord that it doesnt. Our salvation doesnt rely upon the timing of God s creation. Hence, you happen to be totally free to debate these matters and come to your own conclusions. I hope that this short article offers you with some meals for thought to get you began.
This can be a condensed article. For a list of references, access the original web page on the Answers In Creation website.
This short article comes in the Answers In Creation web site (http://www.answersincreation.org). The source article is situated at http://www.answersincreation.org/biblicalCasual Dating.htm.
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