It seems not to be stopped at much in the wintertime, though obviously there is no reasons why this must not be an all-the-12 months minn kota parts ground. It furnishes, even so, a very good summer handline fishery for cod at dogfish time, and in the spring weeks it abounds in cod, cusk, and hake, all minn kota components of huge size.

Roseway Bank. This bank is situated N. in the western element of La Have and SE. of Shelbourne Light, Nova Scotia: 31 miles SSE. from the whistling buoy off of Lockport, Nova Scotia, towards the southeastern advantage. It is oblong in shape as well as small level--about 270 square geographical miles. Its greatest span is 21 miles and its particular greatest breadth 15 miles. It stretches from 43? 12' to 43? 33' north latitude, and from 64? 25' to 64? 52' western longitude and also at the northwest corner is connected with the shore limit of 60 fathoms with a narrow neck. Depths come from 33 to 48 fathoms. The bottom is ofgravel and sand, and rocks; in the Northeast Maximum the bottom is of yellow-colored mud and gravel.

Currents in this area are not nearly so solid as about Cape Sable and Browns Lender, their basic direction simply being WSW. and ENE the westerly a lot the more robust, though the pressure and route of they are both much influenced by the wind.

Hake, pollock and halibut occur, the ideal minn kota pieces months getting from May to October, when the banking institution is resorted to by craft from western Nova Scotia, even though the principal seafood considered here arecod and haddock, and cusk. Several New England craft also fish here.

Los angeles Have Lender. Situated eastward of Browns Bank and S. and E. of Roseway Bank. It extends from 42? 34' to 43? 26' to the north latitude a distance of 52 a long way, and from 63? 50' to 65? 07' to the west longitude a distance around 54 miles. The bank is almost divided into two portions, which the eastern (La Have Bank correct) extends N and S. 39 kilometers and the traditional western portion virtually E. and W. about 35 miles. The total area of the bank is approximately 1,200 miles.

The base is largely coarsegravel and pebbles, and rock, with small areas of beach sand distributed in some places. Depths run from 40 to 50 fathoms. The overall set of the currents would be to the westward, but this really is much relying on the push and path of the wind flow and is generally quite powerful during easterly blows.

The primary minn kota elements upon this bank before has been for cod and haddock: and while past reports, (1881) speak of this as possessing once been a favorite minn kota parts floor for halibut and claim that it was not at time of much importance for the reason that fishery, the figures for this ground for that year 1923 show the halibut get to have been third in volume and first in value of the species undertaken there. The truth is, the capture of halibut here tends to make quite an imposing figure when the comparatively small measurements of the ground is regarded as.

Little Los angeles Have and the La Have Ridges are merely continuations of the back in the direction of the European Bank to get a distance around 45 mls. This places the eastern limit in approximately 62? 50' west longitude, the northern and southern boundaries being about as those of Los angeles Have Bank. The part of the ridges is about 1,575 miles. The bottom here is a succession of ridges of pebbles and gravel with occasional spots of stones. Depths are from 53 to 80 fathoms. The current, from time to time strong, is weaker right here than a greater distance W. about the bank and, except throughout easterly wind, is but little noticed. The general establish is westerly.

"The Ridges" says the report well before mentioned, "were for many years among the favorite resort hotels for halibut catchers in the wintertime, and many very good catches of cod have been taken here at that season. At present but few halibut are found except within the deep drinking water along the southern edge of the ground, where they sometimes have been found quite plentiful during practically the entire year." Seemingly there is not much improvement in these problems since the writer's time; minn kota parts seem to be present in about the same amounts as in past years.

A single piece of bottom, having depths of 25 to 50 fathoms over red clay, lying about in 43? 08' to 43? 10' north latitude and about 81? to 83? west longitude, seems an effective spring and early summer season ground. Seemingly red-clay bottom part indicates an excellent halibut ground, as this kinds is usually provide where such a bottom is found.

Hake can be found in good numbers in the deep drinking water about the ends of the floor and even about the Ridges.

These waters are very heavily fished from Canadian ports, plus a fair quantity of American vessels visit them each year, most of them hailing from Boston or Gloucester.

Scandinavian Bank. Eighteen miles SSW. from Shelbourne Light. Nova Scotia. It really is about 3 miles long in an E. and W. direction by about ? distance wide. Generally, the bottom is level, with depths from 50 to 70 fathoms; the shoal parts are rocky and distinct, the bottom within the deeper parts being constructed mostly of small dark and yellow pebbles.

This is a summer halibut ground (August and July) in depths from 45 to 60 fathoms, and halibut occur in October in the much deeper waters regarding this. It is also a reasonable summer cod ground, and cusk can be found in the deeply water concerning the edges in the course of most of the year. In months, species and general are generally as on Roseway.

American Bank. This is one of the most significant fishing grounds of your western Atlantic, whether as regards dimension or the large quantity of its item. It lies S. of Cape Breton Island along with the eastern part of Nova Scotia between the parallels of 42? 55' and 44? 46' to the north latitude and the meridians of 59? 04' and 62? 35' west longitude. It has a length of 156 a long way and a thickness, including the Midsection Ground, of 76 a long way. It is about 420 miles E. ? S. from Boston to the southwestern edge, which means about 48 hours' steaming for the otter-trawl fleet.

The general contour of your bank inside the 65-fathom series, as set down on the Admiralty chart, approaches considerably a very elongated ellipse, the more time axis jogging NE. by E. and SW. by W.; but over a extensive area to eastward of the center of your minnkota parts budget, soundings of less than 50 fathoms hook it up directly with the Middle Soil, which we have here contained in the some bank. The total extent of the bank thus defined is about 7,000 sq geographical miles. Off its eastern end lies Banquereau (the Quereau of the anglers) with The Gully between, along with a short distance of the traditional western edge will be the La Have Ridges.

The depths off the southern side of the bank raise rapidly from 80 to700 and 1,200, and even 1,400 fathoms. In the eastern conclusion is Sable Island, [16] "graveyard of vessels", afilter and extended, crescent-shaped elevation seemingly lessening in place each year, formed entirely of sand that has been blown Into innumerable hummocks and dunes. Away both comes to an end of the tropical island are dangerous and long sand bars. The size of the island is 20 mls; its finest width is about 1? a long way. It is said the Northwest Gentle has been shifted three times mainly because that the european end of the island has been literally blown away. It depends on an E. and W. direction, and also the depth water over the bars for a length of 7 to 10 miles out does not exceed 2 fathoms, and even 10 miles further out the depths do not surpass 10 to 11 fathoms. Within recent times fishermen have reported the look of a yellow sand shoal about 5 or 6 a long way SE. from the Northeast Lighting. This is believed to appear at low h2o.

In general, your budget slopes S. and W. from the isle, depths starting from 18 to 60 fathoms. The bottom is generally sandy with patches of pebbles and pea gravel. Currents are occasionally very strong about Sable Tropical isle and are considerably irregular; evidently they are very much influenced by the winds. In the other parts from the bank normally there is but little recent, whatever there is usually tending toward the west.

Previously the cod and halibut were the foodstuff fishes most taken here, but with the changed methods in the fishery (as the growth and development of the otter-trawl fleet) as well as a changed preference in our general public the haddock catch has become the second most significant in the receipts of minn kota parts from the waters. The halibut fishery stands next in the listing. Other base feeders happen in less numbers, the pollock and the cusk perhaps simply being next so as of value, with hake and plenty of the various flatfishes in the otter trawls. These latter are marketed as sole.

Noting the little bit of haddock inside the fares taken from these waters in previous years, the writer asked several old-time anglers as to its abundance in the past. The respond was usually yes and Oh, there was always haddock there; occasionally they concerned us a lot." Then, noting my surprise at so adding it, "You know, the haddock isn't much as a salt fish."

Not valuable proportionately, though it will be noted that in 1923 the haddock catch right here was an excellent second for the cod capture in poundage. In the otter-trawl catch using this ground it will likely be noted the positions of these two species are reversed. Typically, these steamers certainly take more than 2 pounds of haddock to 1 of cod on other offshore grounds--maybe the result of working in the shoaler waters and also on the easier bottom because of the difficulty of dragging within the rocky and kelp-covered floor, which the cod seems to choose. But the bottom on the Western Lender is of these nature as to offer tiny obstruction on the passage from the net, so that virtually all elements of it may be fished by this approach; and this, included in the acknowledged movements of the cod educational institutions makes it possible at certain seasons of the season to catch a bigger proportion of the species should it be so ideal.

The statistics given elsewhere and here in this particular report are taken from the published bulletins of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, and include only the landings of vessels of 5 lots net, or higher, at the plug-ins of Boston and Glouscester, Mass., and Portland, Me.

[Kitchen table 5--Sport fishing grounds of your offshore To the north Atlantic, exhibiting the principal varieties taken on them]

[Footnote 16: "Pedro Reinel, a Portuguese pilot of great importance and fame" (Herrera) created a map in 1505 displaying Sable Tropical island, feared and dreaded by all fishermen even in those days, where he referred to as it "Santa Cruz." Jacamo Gastaldi, an Italian cartographer, in 1548 shows it "Isolla de Industry." Sir Humphrey Gilbert or his historian, says that the Portuguese had created an interesting settlement here for shipwrecked mariners. This, "Upon intelligence we had of a Portugal who was himself current when the Portugals, above thirty years past (thus prior to 1551) did put with the island neat and swine to breed, which were given that exceedingly increased."]


[Table 6--Distance from Boston or Gloucester, Mass., to the middle of certain in the more important offshore banks]

[Dinner table 7--Distance from Portland, Me., to the center of a number of of the more important offshore financial institutions]

[Table 8--Landings by minn kota pieces vessels at Gloucester and Boston, Mass., and Portland, Me., from inside or shore grounds, 1927]

[Table 9--Landings by fishing vessels at Gloucester and Boston, Mass., and Portland, Me., from the external grounds of the Gulf of Maine, 1927]

[Table 10--Landings by minn kota pieces vessels at Boston and Gloucester, Mass., and Portland, Me., from the minn kota parts grounds of the Georges Bank region, 1927]

[Desk 11--Landings by the otter-trawl fleet at Gloucester and Boston, Mass., and Portland, Me., from the sportfishing grounds of the Georges Bank location, 1927]