Read This Before you judge me.The Goths (Gothic: Gutans, Old Norse: Gutar/Gotar; German: Goten; Latin: Gothi; Greek: Γότθοι, Gótthoi), were an East Germanic tribe of Scandinavian origin who played an important role in the history of the Roman Empire after they appeared on its lower Danube frontier in the 3rd century. Their language, Gothic is the oldest attested Germanic language. Throughout their history, the Goths founded several powerful kingdoms in Europe, and played the major role in the defeat of the Huns and the initiation of the Reconquista.The first recorded incursion of Goths into the Roman Empire took place in 238. Written records about the Goths prior to this date are scarce. The most important source is Jordanes’ 6th-century, semi-fictional Getica which describes a migration from Scandza, believed to be located somewhere in southern Sweden (Gotland or/and Götaland), to Gothiscandza, which is believed to be the lower Vistula region in modern Pomerania (Poland), and from there to the coast of the Black Sea. The Pomeranian Wielbark culture and the Chernyakhov culture northeast of the lower Danube are widely believed to be the archaeological traces of this migration. Centered around their capital Arheimar at the Dnieper, the Goths established a vast empire referred to as Oium, which at its peak under king Ermanaric stretched from the Danube to the Volga river, and from the Black Sea to the Baltic Sea. In the mid 3rd century the Goths launched several raids against the Roman Empire in Anatolia and the Balkans, conquered Dacia and launched several amphibious expeditions into the Aegean, Mediterranean and the Black sea.During the third and fourth centuries, the Goths were divided into at least two distinct groups separated by the Dniester River, the Thervingi, ruled by the Amali dynasty, and the Greuthungi, ruled by the Balti dynasty. In the late fourth century, the Huns invaded the Gothic region from the east. While many Goths were subdued and integrated into the Hunnic Empire, others were pushed towards the Roman Empire, sparking the Gothic war of 375–82, culminating in the Battle of Adrianople, which marked the beginning of the end for the Roman Empire. Meanwhile, the Goths were converted to Arian Christianity by the half-Gothic missionary Wulfila, who devised a Gothic alphabet to translate the Bible. The Goths formed the core of the army that defeated Attila at the Battle of the Catalunian Plains, and in 454 the Goths ended the Hunnic domination in Europe with their victory at the Battle of Nedao.In the fifth and sixth centuries, the Goths separated into two tribes, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths. Both established powerful successor states of the Western Roman Empire. In Italy the Ostrogothic Kingdom was established by Theodoric the Great. The Ostrogothic nobles were defeated by the forces of the Byzantine Empire in the devastating 20-year-long Gothic war of 535–54 which ruined the Byzantine economy and caused millions of deaths,only to result in Germanic Lombardic conquest 10 years later. The Visigoths under Alaric I sacked Rome in 410. Their fifth-century Visigothic Kingdom in Aquitaine was pushed to Hispania by the Franks in 507, converted to Catholicism by the late sixth century, and in the early eighth century fell to the Muslim Moors. Subsequently, under the leadership of the Gothic nobleman Pelagius, the Visigothic nobles managed to establish the Kingdom of Asturias and would later be credited with the initiation of the Reconquista and the Crusades with the victory over the Moors at the Battle of Covadonga.While its influence continued to be felt in small ways in some west European states, the Gothic language and culture largely disappeared during the Middle Ages. In the 16th century a small remnant of a Gothic dialect known as Crimean Gothic was described as surviving in the Crimea.Goth subcultureThe goth subculture is a contemporary subculture found in many countries. It began in England during the early 1980s in the gothic rock scene, an offshoot of the Post-punk genre. The goth subculture has survived much longer than others of the same era, and has continued to diversify. Its imagery and cultural proclivities indicate influences from the 19th century Gothic literature along with horror films and to a lesser extent the BDSM culture.The goth subculture has associated tastes in music, aesthetics, and fashion. Gothic music encompasses a number of different styles including Gothic rock, Darkwave, Deathrock, Ethereal, Neo-Medieval and Neoclassical. Styles of dress within the subculture range from deathrock, punk and Victorian style attire, or combinations of the above, most often with dark attire, makeup and hair.ContentsBy the late 1970s, there were a few post-punk bands labeled "gothic". However, it was not until the early 1980s that gothic rock became its own subgenre within post-punk, and that followers of these bands started to come together as a distinctly recognizable movement. The scene appears to have taken its name from an article published in UK rock weekly Sounds: "The face of Punk Gothique", written by Steve Keaton and published on February 21, 1981. The opening of the Batcave in London's Soho in July 1982 provided a prominent meeting point for the emerging scene, which had briefly been labeled "positive punk" by the New Musical Express. The term "Batcaver" was later used to describe old-school goths.Independent from the British scene, the late 1970s and early 1980s saw death rock branch off from American punk. In the 1980s and early 1990s, members of an emerging subculture in Germany were called Grufti[e]s (English "vault creatures" or "tomb creatures" ; they generally followed a fusion of the gothic and new wave with an influence of new romantic, and formed the early stages of the "dark culture" (formerly called "dark wave culture" .