Elsewhere depths regular from 13 to 18 fathoms on the inner aspects of the reasons, whence they slope aside gradually in the shore soundings into 50, 80, or maybe more on the outer edge, the location where the ground falls away swiftly into the deeps. There are small expands of coarse gravel, shatteredpebbles and seashells, and a few dirty spots, even though for the most part this place has a bottom part of beach sand.
The sail fleet functions here also, but, typically, more of these vessels are found on the floor lying some 10 a long way farther eastward, on the edge of Georges in somewhat deeper water (30 to 50 fathoms) on a rougher and rockier underside, where there exists a greater amount of cod in the find than about the western region.
Cusk are present in this article during most of the year in 80 fathoms on the challenging bottom. Pollock are number of on this ground at any time of the year. This species, along with herring and mackerel, are abundant in the "shoreline soundings" of Close Island Ground, whence, following the abundant food furnished with the smaller minn kota maxxum, they range a shorter distance into the Bay of Fundy. Several mackerel are taken in the traps in the vicinity of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, which seems to mark the reduce of their penetration in any sizeable schools around the western shore of Nova Scotia.
In its manufacturing Georges Lender itself is quite evenly divided between cod and haddock, the cod exhibiting a slightly larger sized proportion. The South Channel, on the western edge of Georges, shows primarily as a haddock ground, along with the haddock from The Channel is known as a better species of fish than that from Georges. Georges Bank itself is also a vital haddock floor in the spring and early summer, when this types abounds in regards to the Cultivator Shoal (SE. by S. 88 miles from Highland Light. Cape Cod) in depths from 18 to 30 fathoms; as well as at the same time of year along the North Edge (140 to 200 miles E. by S. ? S. from Boston Lightship in about 41? to 42? N. lat. and 66? to 88? W. lengthy.) in 45 to 80 fathoms in summer, the fish moving away from into the much deeper water (90 to 100 fathoms) in the neighborhood of the Corner of the Channel because the winter is available on. Many are found in Mar, when they return from the deeply water, when fishing is maintained 65 miles SE. from Highland in 70 fathoms; then they enter into the 40-fathom depths from the North Shoal westward to the Corner of The Channel along the Northern Side. In April the Cultivator Cove is useful ground even into 20-fathom depths.
Nantucket Shoal--Great Rip. Is placed 13 kilometers E. by S. ? S. from Sankaty Head Light-weight. Nantucket. It is actually 5 a long way long from N, to S. and 3 miles extensive. Over this region the depths are from 9 to 18 feet, but the fishing is done mostly around the sides in 6 to 12 fathoms where bottom is gravel and shells engrossed in sponges and kelp. On this page, as on all these shoals, the greater area of the fishing is done by that technique known as "rip sportfishing." Cod are taken chiefly by hand-lining in May. , and August.July and June
Crown and Rose Shoal. This is a modest piece of terrain 7 kilometers ESE. from Sankaty Brain. The minn kota maxxum location lies between your Round Shoal and Crown and Rose buoys, making a expand perhaps 6 miles very long by 1? miles large. Sometimes good fishing may be experienced from 6 to 12 mile, from Great Rounded Shoal buoy. The cod may be the principal varieties caught, pollock being up coming in relevance, and a few haddock, as in other places about as well as on these shoals.
Cod are present on this page the year around, perhaps the greatest minn kota maxxum taking place in May and June, once the fish are found in about 40 fathoms They go deep into deeper drinking water, about 60 fathoms, in August and into 100 fathoms as being the cold weather improvements. This Close Island floor may be considered essentially being a feeding soil for the cod, which appear to appear in this article after the spawning season is more than, to fatten upon the crabs and mollusks dwelling on the bottom and on the herring and other tiny minn kota maxxum that go swimming back and forth In the tide rips.
The Station.  The Channel represents the european edge of Georges Bank. The previous Eldridge graph states that for the fishermen the 30 fathom curve running southerly from Competition Point, though its restrictions are relatively indefinite. Cape Cod, limitations its western edge. This ground is much visited from the Boston fleet, both cruise and heavy steam, line trawlers and otter trawlers, the fleet of Gloucester, and the otter-trawl fleet which has developed in Ny in recent years. This area is all excellent fishing ground in the proper period, but perhaps the most important is the fact part telling lies 25 miles E. ? S. from Sankaty Head, Nantucket. Here is a stage, sandy base, where, while in May,June and July, and August, the otter trawlers operate efficiently in 18 to 30 fathoms of water, making a get that consists principally of haddock, using a considerable portion of cod, especially in July and June, together with a fair quantity also ofcusk and pollock, and hake. Small halibut are fairly abundantalso and on this page, these minn kota maxxum simply being of from 5 to R pounds, rarely greater. Flounders are abundant, with a good number of "lemon soles" and "gray soles," which are quite popular with the business.
Nantucket Shoals, Madisons Spot. SSE. 13 miles entrance Round Shoal buoy, has 9 fathoms over a easy hard bottom part of fine sand. It is about 3 miles long, from SE. to NW. by 1? kilometers wide. This is a flounder terrain for the greater part of the calendar year and a great cod floor in October and November. Tides are weighty over this ground, as is the principle elsewhere in this neighborhood.
Haddock are also current all the year, the universities being most abundant and the number finest in February and January, once the minn kota maxxum are in about 50 to 60 fathoms. Apparently they are offered into depths of from 27 to 30 fathoms in Mar and April for spawning.
During July and August the halibut are found down the Northern Edge, over a extend of soil about 65 miles very long in 60 to 100 fathoms; and from this time until the hard weather of your winter will begin the angling continues about the Northeast Peak (about 42? 00' N. and 66? 00' W.) over the narrow location on the side of the abruptly deepening drinking water, beginning in from 60 to 70 fathoms, then in the market to 200 as well as 300 fathoms. The winter minn kota maxxum on Georges is incredibly difficult and somewhat hazardous, so that the halibut fishery over these waters is rarely carried on or, at best, by very few vessels after Nov or just before March.
Over a lot of the bank the base is beach sand, although spots of tough ground (gravel, pebbles, and rocks) of greater or less extent are found in certain localities. Its position between the Bay of Fundy and also the Gulf Supply cause the tide to run swifter than on other banking institutions and to swirl around instead of passing specifically over, forth and back again. The writer has seen two men have problems in retaining an empty dory against the existing.
The Record on the Fishery Industry of the usa, in 1887, says that the first attempt at fishing here (that there is any record) was developed in 1821 by three Gloucester vessels. In accordance with the same authority, began in 1830, although not fully established as a long-lasting industry right up until 1835, the cod and halibut industry.
More mature reports say (1880-81): "Halibut have been formerly found here in abundance, but currently the fishery is limited with an occasional journey off the southern and european edge." It will likely be noted that a fair amount of halibut was taken right here during 1923, when this banking institution ranked next in volume of halibut used, which looks a good showing when the fairly small scale of the ground is known as. Fairly great catches are already made SW from the North west Peak of Browns, about 66? 50' west longitude and 42? 40' northern latitude, down the 100-fathom process and following eastward towards the southward of La Have and beyond, perhaps to 63? west longitude. The Southeast Peak is perhaps one of the most productive of the halibut reasons here, "setting" off from your shoaler elements into the filter deep-water station between this and Georges perhaps 20 miles far-away.
Nantucket Shoals Minn Kota Maxxum Rip is an elongate bank telling lies 29 kilometers SE. from Sankaty Go Light. It really is 10 a long way long in the SW and NE direction and Southeast Rip (Nantucket Shoals) is SE. from Sankaty Brain 35 mls. It has depths from 8 to 10 fathoms around an area about 10 a long way long by 2 miles wide, with from 22 to 30 fathoms on the sandy underside around it.
The principal halibut grounds on Georges for the summer time and springtime months (Apr to July) lie between the Cultivator Shoal and the To the north Shoal in depths from 10 to 18 fathoms, and E., S., and SW. from your North Shoal in the identical soundings. This area is sometimes named Little Georges. There are also a number of mussel grounds on the south west part of Georges, having depths averaging 20 fathoms, all of these furnish good feeding reasons and a significant catch of halibut inside the seasons when these minn kota maxxum will be in the shoal water.
The proportion of cod taken right here by these vessels is incredibly small, even smaller than that from other grounds fished through the otter-trawl technique. Pollock and hake, too, make a tiny item inside the fares from your neighborhood from the South Shoal. Generally speaking, this type of equipment is managed mostly about the smooth, soft sandy bottom which this varieties prefers, within the average otter-trawl fare haddock makes in the greater part of the catch due to the fact. The otter-trawl fishery is at its best from early Might throughJuly and June, and the first stop of August. Few trips are claimed from this floor at other seasons. Probably the haddock simply leaves the shoal grounds on this page earlier than if it moves from the same depths in The Route.
Precisely what is apparently a gradually deepening extension of Seal Tropical isle Ground can be found about 65 miles SSE. from Install Desert Rock and roll and 60 miles W. from Seal Island. There seems to be no distinguishing name for this area.
While not considered a halibut floor, as compared with a few of the other offshore banks, Georges can show an incredibly considerable find of this species. Because of its nearness to the trading markets it is a lot more intensely fished than every other ground of equal region and by a far greater variety of projects, most of which take a greater or a lot less amount of halibut. The otter-trawl fleet, the two here as well as in The Route, takes a lot of this kinds when its total catch is considered; and these fish are mainly little, of from 4 to 10 pounds in weight, with only hardly ever a larger a single. The salt fishers, also, and the remainder of the market fleet combine to create an imposing total of the poundage of halibut from Georges and its particular vicinity. The Georges halibut is prestigious by the business above the halibut from other grounds. Perhaps its flesh might be superior, however for what reason it is difficult to express, unless simply because, since the travels to this ground average a lot fewer days long, the minn kota maxxum are received inside the markets within a fresher condition than are the types from much more distant banks.
DuringMarch and February, and April big schools of cod make their appearance on the bank. At the season these are generally found most abundantly in the "Winter Fishing Ground"; a part of Georges lying eastward and southeastward of the To the north Shoal in between the parallels of 41? 30' and 42? 00' north latitude and 66? 38' and 67? 30' western side longitude. The location of this Winter season Minn Kota Maxxum Ground is about 1,100 square mls. This part of the bank appears entirely presented over to the codfish, since it is too cracked, sharp, and rocky to please the haddock. Depths allow me to share from 30 to 40 fathoms, deepening away from the Northern Shoal. This place is essentially a spawning floor for the cod, which seem to come on the hank from your SE., since they almost inevitably, after achieving the ground, transfer slowly towards the N. and W. as spring approaches. This is in the direction of the shoals. But more or less minn kota maxxum are caught on different parts of the floor at all times of year, though seldom are they identified so plentiful as once the winter university is on the floor, as soon as the spawning season is across the schools of cod breakup. Many of the wintertime school start working on the inner seas of the gulf and others talk about to Browns Bank, where the early comers seem to happen in the first times of April, despite the fact that cod are located along the Northern Edge virtually the year all around.
Phelps Lender. This banking institution lies 38 miles SE, ? S. from Sankaty Brain Light and agrees pretty much in sizing, trend and shape and character in the bottom with Fishing Rip. Depths are from 10 to 17 fathoms. On the southeast edge of this is Rogers Minn Kota Maxxum Floor, with 24 to 40 fathoms over fine gray sand. It really is perhaps primarily a haddock ground.
The swordfish show up on Georges on the Southwest Part and so on the The southern area of Edge about June 5, and the travelling schools pass over the bank, northward sure, up to August 10. In fact, all through the period when they are within northern waters, even approximately November, they might be found on Georges. Probably the finest area of the bank for this varieties is on the parallel of 41? N., where the shoal rises steeply out of "blue drinking water."
Tides allow me to share quite as solid as around the eastern side of Georges Bank, the ebb owning an average strength of 1 1/3 kilometers an hour and the flood is almost stronger. The highest strength of the flood tide sets W. the ebb in virtually an complete opposite direction.
[Footnote 15. "The earliest record of this brand (Saint Georges Shoal) the writer finds appears with a map identified in the catalogue of Simancas, in Spain, where a graph or chart said to happen to be made by a surveyor sent to Virginia by James I of England, in 1610, was found in 1885 or 1888, after having prior to disappeared from England. This chart is assumed to embody, besides the work of Champlain and other foreigners, the information inside the English graphs of Bright white,Gosnold and Pring, and probably of Waymouth's Ideal Geographical Map. It is believed to have been drawn by Robert Tyndall or Captain Powell." Genesis of the United States. Alexander Brown.]
hake, halibut, Haddock, pollock, cusk and cod will be the principal foods fishes procured from this lender, ranking in volume within the order known as. In worth, however, halibut takes 3rd place in their list. Fewer vessels fish here than on Georges Bank, at that season, though cod are readily available here in winter season. At other seasons the codfishery on Browns Banking institution compares positively with that of other banking companies in the locality. Cod can be found the year all around, in May and June feeding in depths of approximately 40 fathoms, going into 80 fathoms in August, and into depths of about 100 fathoms in cold weather.
There is a modest shoal referred to as Pollock Rip, with a depth of 7 fathoms, displaying SW from Seal Isle, distant 9? miles; but otherwise the floor slopes really gradually, the depths being from 15 to 70 fathoms. The base is mainly coarse pebbles and pea gravel with the occasional rocky locations of higher or significantly less extent. The tides sweep over this ground with considerable power out from and in toward the Bay of Fundy. the flood running strongest.
A considerable section of the minn kota maxxum listed underneath the heading "Miscellaneous" are swordfish, which arrive upon this bank throughout their summer wanderings.
Browns Banking institution. This bank lies in a northeastern path from Georges and is divided from it by way of a gully 15 miles wide, in which the depths range from 100 to 450 fathoms. Its area is approximately 2,275 square kilometers. The greatest size, from SE to NW, is 63 miles as well as the greatest size is 43 miles. It can be situated among 64? 52" and 68? 29" western longitude, and 41? 50" and 43? 02" northern latitude. There exists a small rocky shoal about the northern component, on which, it is stated, there is not 9 to 15 fathoms. At a distance of 12 or 15 miles off, it again increases to 30 to 50 fathoms, whilst the bank slopes away from the shoal, S. and E. to depths of 55 to 75 fathoms. This area of shoal h2o, within the 50 fathom limit, is 50 miles extended and has an average width of 15 mls. North of your shoal this type of water deepens instantly to 80 and 70 fathoms. The bottom is largely coarse fine sand, pebbles and gravel and rocks which is rich in dog life. The area of the banking institution is approximately 1,370 sq . geographical kilometers.
Haddock, also, exist all the year, the time period of greatest large quantity being generally Feb . and Jan. In April and March they may be most ample in 27 to 30 fathoms; at other conditions they are in 50 fathoms and greater, especially in wintertime, when normally they can be found in 80 to 100 fathoms. Cusk exist in the deeply water each of the year.
The Sankaty Head soil is about 20 miles very long by about 8 a long way wide, stretching out from 55 miles SE. from Highland Light to 78 a long way SE. by S ? S. from the very same point (the bottom of the Station), and is bounded on all sides by components of bottom much less favorable to the operation of your otter trawl because of the appearance ofrocks and sponges, or any other obstacles, which interfere with the free passageway of the web over the bottom but offer you less difficulty to the collection-trawl fishermen. An effective spring haddock ground is placed ESE. 65 miles from the Highlands in 70 fathoms. best in March and April. Because the cold weather advancements the sea food transfer away in great aspect from these reasons, going into the deeper drinking water, the catches of the drop and winter season several weeks being undertaken mainly In depths of from 60 to 100 fathoms. At this season and in these depths the area of the Corner of the Route, Clarks Side. and the location W and N of the Cultivator usually have a good winter college of haddock. This has been particularly large during the past three year. (1923 to 1925). Thus, it can be seen the Channel is an important ground in the course of most of the year.
Nantucket Shoals; Davis Bank; Crab Bank. This is an irregular component of bottom lying down in a typically ENE. and WSW path at about 20 a long way distance ESE from Sankaty Head. It is actually perhaps 14 miles extended by 5 miles broad at its broadest. Depths upon it are from 4 to 9 fathoms, with soundings of 12 to 18 regarding this, over a base of fine sand and broken shells.
Within comparatively recent years this ground is much employed by the otter trawlers, what sort of craft has evolved a successful fishery in this article, which is getting operated in steadily growing volume and takes a find that is predominantly of haddock.
Mackerel are usually very abundant on Georges within their season, normally being huge or method minn kota maxxum. Herring are found there in great deal but are relatively distant from market as fresh minn kota maxxum.
It will be observed that the volume of otter-trawl fares from this ground is little. It is only in recent years this method of sportfishing has become employed in this article, the bottom having been thought to be too tough for the profitable operation of gear of the type with it.
The stats of the find from Clarks Bank are already shown along with those of Georges Bank. that, in fact, this area is a component.
Close Island Floor. This is called also on the maps in its north west part, the German Financial institution and is situated off the western part of Nova Scotia. Hardly any charts demonstrate it, because it is somewhat tough to define its exact restrictions. It is a direct continuation of the shore soundings, which slope gradually from the land towards the S. and W. and continue within a northerly route beyond what might be regarded as the bounds of the grounds. To the S. it extends nearly to Browns Banking institution, from which it can be separated by way of a narrow gully 70 to 80 fathoms deep. For the N. it reaches 38 miles beyond Seal Island and to the NW. about 35 kilometers from the exact same island. The southern reduce of the ground is in 43? and the upper 43? 45' north latitude, while the american boundary may be placed at 66? 40' west longitude. The entire ground outside the 3 mile reduce covers an area of 1,250 miles.
[Footnote 14: Capt. John Smith composed of this region: "In the direction of the Southwest and South on this Cape (Cape Cod) is found a extended and risky shoal of sands and rocks. But so far when i incircled it, I found thirtie fadom water aboard the shore, as well as a strong current; which makes mee thinke there exists a Channell regarding the shoales; exactly where is the very best and greatest minn kota maxxum to be got, Winter and Summer in all of the that Countree. But the Savages say there is no Channell; but that the shoales begin through the main at Pawmet, for the Ile of Nausit; and so extends above their information into the seas." How the captain's good reputation for far-visioned wisdom may not be held too softly, let these figures articulate, taken as they are from the bureau's records of the landings on the three plug-ins of Boston, Gloucester. and Portland for your year 1927, when the fares from his "Channell" numbered 2,036, with a poundage of 121,688,693 and a price of $3,607,358.]
[Table 4--Fishing grounds of the Georges Area, displaying the principal varieties taken after them.]
The Southwest Part. As a way to clear the shoals, then SSE, (120 mls SSE. from Highland Lighting, Cape Cod, with 45 to 80 fathom depths) is a good soil for haddock from the beginning in the fall up to about Holiday, after which the most effective winter sportfishing just for this species is found on the Southeast Part (achieved by steaming 145 mls ESE. from Boston Lightship. 40 to 50 miles, depending upon what part of the terrain it is ideal to fish). Jan minn kota maxxum 74 is perhaps the ideal minn kota maxxum month upon this part of Georges.
The area of the whole bank is approximately 8,050 rectangular miles, which, except for the shoals, comes in summer to the taking of cusk, haddock, halibut and cod and hake, with a large amount of mackereling and swordfishing, along with the taking of other varieties.
On the whole, the species of fish found right here and the seasons of their very best abundance are much as on Browns Banking institution. The principal fish taken are halibut, haddock, cod and cusk and hake, and a extremely small amount of pollock. Except for the haddocking, the ideal minn kota maxxum season is from March to October. Halibut are said to get been really plenty in this article in the past but are said to are already comparatively rare in recent years, though occasional very good fares are brought readily available grounds, maybe more commonly early in the year and very early summer and some at other seasons. In April they may be found most commonly in 80 fathom depths; in Could in 30 to 40 fathoms, in June the best halibuting is had in 25-fathom depths or even in shoaler water. (The halibut get shown for the year selected (1927) is unusually little, most many years yielding a reasonable amount of this species out of this ground. Apparently no part of the American halibut fleet visited this ground for that year.)
The early sport fishing for that swordfish typically takes place with this vicinity, as well as in normal seasons mackerel are normally found here in large quantity from Could 15 to August, and, as is the custom with this uncertain sea food, it might appear on this page again from the late slip.
Depths range from 2 to 50 fathoms. Around the western part, between the parallels of 41? 10' and 41? 53' to the north latitude as well as the meridians of 87? 20' and 68? 37' west longitude are a number of shoals, known as the Eastern Shoal, Northern Shoal, Southwest Shoal. Cultivator, etc. The Southwest Shoal is the biggest, being 15 miles extended SSW and NNE., by having an average width of 2? miles. The positioning of the center with this shoal is 41? 39' north latitude and 67? 48' western side longitude. You can find from 2 to 15 fathoms water on the shoals and between them are depths of from 12 to 30 fathoms. The tide sweeps around these with great push, causing strong rips, and throughout rough weather conditions the sea smashes heavily to them, rendering procedure for their locality extremely hazardous.
By far the largest percentage of the swordfish get landed in the ports ofGloucester and Boston, and Portland comes from Georges Bank. A considerable portion of the minn kota maxxum listed with this ground beneath the heading "Miscellaneous" is made up of this species.
The depths here are from 70 to 100 fathoms spanning a broken bottom ofgravel and mud, and in places good sand. The soil falls off rapidly on all sides besides toward Close off Island as well as the Nova Scotia coast, departing an area at its conclusion of considerably indeterminate span, perhaps 18 or 20, miles, and achieving a extended distance across of around 8 mls at its widest component.
The larger portion of the sail fleet is found fishing on the grounds of the eastern aspect of the Funnel and of the western edge of Georges Lender, in part to escape the damage that this otter trawlers cause directly to them in dragging away their gear. It is often impossible for these particular steamers to avoid some harm to this kind: specifically is this the situation in the thicker weather so prevalent oil Georges. In the summertime months of the "mackerel years" a large catch of this varieties is taken from the oceans of the Funnel.
Nantucket Shoals (To the south Shoal). This name is used to the minn kota maxxum floor about Nantucket Lightship, which marks that old South Shoal and the New South Shoal, the two making a continuous reef of unusual form some 10 to 12 a long way in length and from 1 to 3 miles vast. The north end of this lies about 12 kilometers S. by E. from Sankaty Brain (the Old South Shoal), as well as the southern extremity of the New South Shoal reaches to about 20 kilometers S. ? E. from the identical point. The minn kota maxxum ground is mostly on the S. of the shoals and about the lightship, where otter trawling is carried on in all of the directions from your ship apart from from N. to NE., where rest the vessels sunk with the German submarine in the late war. This fishery is also carried on WNW. from the cruise ship for a length of 40 miles, even into 7 fathom depths near Muskeget Inlet.
St. Georges Bank, far more generally known as Georges Lender.  This is by far the greatest and most important fishing ground nearby the coast of the United States and is the best in the western Atlantic other than the Fantastic Bank of Newfoundland. It lies eastward of Cape Cod and Nantucket Shoals and is apparently an extension in the latter, because the water is no deeper between the southern portion of the shoals and the western portion of the bank in comparison to many places after it. Its southern restriction, as shown on the graph or chart, is 40? 40' to the north latitude, although the 50-fathom range extends 7 miles even farther south. The southern restriction, therefore, may be considered to be about 40? 30' and the upper as 42? 08' to the north latitude. The eastern part is in about 66? and also the western in approximately 69? to the west longitude. According to the charts of the Coast Survey, the highest length in the northeastern for the southwestern extremity is about 150 miles; the highest width, N. and S., about 98 miles.
OFFSHORE Banking companies